ECCS PATRES workshop
A workshop at ECCS 2009, September 24, 2009
Resilience is generally defined in the framework of dynamic system theory (attractors, attraction domains, bifurcations): a system is resilient to a perturbation when this perturbation keeps the system in domains of attractors where the system shows the desired properties or functions. However, this definition has two strong limitations: (i) It supposes no possibility to modify the dynamics, whereas socio-ecological systems often involve stakeholders and managers who want to define efficient policies of action. (ii) It supposes that a set of the dynamics attractors show the desired properties, whereas these properties could appear only at non-equilibrium states.
This workshop will demonstrate how new methods, based on viability theory, can overcome these limitations and provide means to compute action policies favouring the recovery from perturbations, and maintain some systems in a desired non-equilibrium state.
This approach has nevertheless drawback: it is very demanding computationally. This is a strong limitation on applying it to complex models from ecology, cognitive science or sociology. This is why the workshop will also introduce methods to simplify complex models. These methods, inspired from physics, can, under certain conditions, derive simple dynamical systems (involving a small set of synthetic variables) representing the main features (patterns) of the dynamics observed on a complex individual or agent based model.
Several contributions to this workshop show case studies where these methods for simplifying an individual based model are coupled with the computation of action policies favouring resilience.
- 09:00 - 09:15: Introduction to the workshop (Guillaume Deffuant & Nigel Gilbert)
- 09:15 - 10:00: What is resilience? Review, critical assessment, and outlook (Volker Grimm)
- 10:00 - 10:45: Viability and resilience, concepts from a toy example (Guillaume Deffuant)
- 10:45 - 11:00: Break
- 11:00 - 11:45: The macro description of individual based models (Federico Vázquez, Cristóbal López and Maxi San Miguel)
- 11:45 - 12:30: Viability and resilience in the dynamics of language competition (Xavier Castelló and Maxi San Miguel)
- 12:30 - 13:30: Workshop buffet lunch (free to those registered with the workshop)
- 13:30 - 14:15: Bridging the gap between structurally realistic models and viability theory in savanna ecosystems (Justin M. Calabrese and Volker Grimm)
- 14:15 - 15:00: Bacterial biofilms (Jean-Denis Mathias)
- 15:00 - 15:15: Break
- 15:15 - 16:00: Viability of collaborative Web communities: Two case studies (Dario Taraborelli, Camille Roth and Nigel Gilbert)
- 16:00 - 16:45: SimExplorer, a tool for exploring models (Thierry Faure)
- 16:45 - 17:30: Panel discussion (with Rich Colbaugh, Santa Fe)
The speakers are all members of the PATRES: Pattern Resilience project, which is supported by the New and Emerging Science and Technology programme of the sixth Framework Programme of the European Commission.
Guillaume Deffuant, Cemagref, Groupement Clermont-Ferrand, 24, avenue des Landais, B.P. 50085, 63172 Aubière Cedex 1, France <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Nigel Gilbert, Centre for Research in Social Simulation, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK <email@example.com>
The workshop will be held on September 24, 2009 at the University of Warwick, UK as a satellite of the European Conference on Complex Systems. Further details, including location, accommodation and the conference programme are available.
Note that registration at ECCS '09 is required in order to attend the workshop. This costs £60 per day. Once registered with ECCS '09, there is no additional charge to attend the workshop, but you must inform the organisers (email above) of your intention.